Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual: Backups

Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual / Self-Diagnosis System / Self-Diagnosis / Backups






(1): D-J Method: When the engine load is light like at idling or low speed, the ECU determines the injection quantity by calculating from the throttle vacuum (vacuum sensor output voltage) and engine speed (crankshaft sensor output voltage). This method is called D-J method.

(2): α-N Method: As the engine speed increases, and the engine load turns middle to heavy, the ECU determines the injection quantity by calculating from the throttle opening (throttle sensor output voltage) and the engine speed. This method is called α-N method.

*: This depends on the number of stopped cylinders.

The main throttle sensor is a rotating variable resistor that change output voltage according to throttle operating. The ECU senses this voltage change and determines fuel injection quantity, and ignition timing according to engine rpm, and throttle opening.

Input Terminal [A]: BL Output Terminal [B]: V/W Ground Terminal [C]: BR/BK


Service Code Erasing
When repair has been done, warning indicator light (LED) and warning symbol go off and service code are not displayed. But the service codes stored in memory of the ECU are not erased to preserve ...

Main Throttle Sensor (Service Code 11)

Other materials:

Brake Fluid Level Inspection
Check that the brake fluid level in the front brake reservoir [A] is above the lower level line [B]. NOTE Hold the reservoir horizontal by turning the handlebar when checking brake fluid level. If the fluid level is lower than the lower level line, fill the reservoir to the upper lev ...

Air Switching Valve
Air Switching Valve Operation Test Refer to the Air Suction System Damage Inspection in the Periodic Maintenance chapter. Air Switching Valve Unit Test Remove the air switching valve (see Air Switching Valve Removal in the Engine Top End chapter). Set the hand tester [A] to the × 1 ...

Crankcase Halves Assembly
Install: Crankshaft (see Crankshaft Installation) Connecting Rods (see Connecting Rod Installation) Using a cleaning fluid, clean off any oil or dirt on the mating surface of the crankcase halves. Apply liquid gasket to the mating surface of the lower crankcase half as shown in the fi ...