Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual: Coolant Flow Chart

Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual / Cooling System / Coolant Flow Chart

Coolant Flow Chart


1. Radiator

2. Radiator Fan

3. Water Pump

4. Oil Cooler

5. Oil Cooler Intake Hose

6. Oil Cooler Outlet Hose

7. Cylinder Jacket

8. Cylinder Head Jacket

9. Thermostat Housing

10. Air Bleeder Hose

11. Radiator Cap

12. Radiator Overflow Hose

13. Reserve Tank

14. Reserve Tank Overflow Hose

15. Hot Coolant

16. Cold Coolant

Permanent type antifreeze is used as a coolant to protect the cooling system from rust and corrosion.

When the engine starts, the water pump turns and the coolant circulates.

The thermostat is a wax pellet type which opens or closes with coolant temperature changes. The thermostat continuously changes its valve opening to keep the coolant temperature at the proper level.

When coolant temperature is less than 55°C (131°F), the thermostat closes so that the coolant flow is restricted through the air bleeder hole, causing the engine to warm up more quickly. When coolant temperature is more than 58 ∼ 62°C (136 ∼ 144°F), the thermostat opens and the coolant flows.

When the coolant temperature goes up beyond 95°C (203°F), the radiator fan relay conducts to operate the radiator fan. The radiator fan draws air through the radiator core when there is not sufficient air flow such as at low speeds. This increases up the cooling action of the radiator. When the coolant temperature is below 90°C (194°F), the fan relay opens and the radiator fan stops.

In this way, this system controls the engine temperature within narrow limits where the engine operates most efficiently even if the engine load varies.

The system is pressurized by the radiator cap to suppress boiling and the resultant air bubbles which can cause engine overheating. As the engine warms up, the coolant in the radiator and the water jacket expands. The excess coolant flows through the radiator cap and hose to the reserve tank to be stored there temporarily. Conversely, as the engine cools down, the coolant in the radiator and the water jacket contracts, and the stored coolant flows back to the radiator from the reserve tank.

The radiator cap has two valves. One is a pressure valve which holds the pressure in the system when the engine is running. When the pressure exceeds 112 142 kPa (1.14
1.45 kgf/cm², 16
21
psi), the pressure valve opens and releases the pressure to the reserve tank. As soon as pressure escapes, the valve closes, and keeps the pressure at 112 142 kPa (1.14
1.45 kgf/cm², 16
21 psi).


When the engine cools down, another small valve (vacuum valve) in the cap opens. As the coolant cools, the coolant contracts to form a vacuum in the system. The vacuum valve opens and allows the coolant from the reserve tank to enter the radiator.

Specifications

Specifications


Special Tools

Bearing Driver Set: 57001-1129


Oil Seal Driver 37.5: 57001-1660


Exploded View
14. Thermostat 15. Frame No. JKAZXT00JJA003074 or JKAZXCJ1 BA003074 G: Apply grease. HG: Apply high-temperature grease. L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent. R: Replacement Parts ...

Coolant
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Other materials:

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Brake Fluid Change
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Power Mode Indicator
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