Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual: Cylinder Compression Measurement

Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual / Engine Top End / Cylinder Head / Cylinder Compression Measurement


Use the battery which is fully charged.

Special Tools - Compression Gauge, 20 kgf/cm²: 57001-221 Compression Gauge Adapter, M10 × 1.0: 57001-1601 L-Shape Hose [C]: 57001-1606

Cylinder Compression Measurement

Cylinder Compression Usable Range: 1 099 1 668 kPa (11.2
17.0 kgf/cm²,
159 242 psi) at 320 r/min (rpm)

The following table should be consulted if the obtainable compression reading is not within the usable range.

Problem Diagnosis Remedy (Action)
Cylinder compression is higher than usable range Carbon accumulation on piston and in combustion chamber possibly due to damaged valve stem oil seal and/or damaged piston oil rings (This may be indicated by white exhaust smoke). Remove the carbon deposits and replace damaged parts if necessary.
Incorrect cylinder head gasket thickness Replace the gasket with a standard part.
Cylinder compression is lower than usable range Gas leakage around cylinder head Replace damaged gasket and check cylinder head warp
Bad condition of valve seating Repair if necessary.
Incorrect valve clearance Adjust the valve clearance.
Incorrect piston/cylinder clearance Replace the piston and/or cylinder.
Piston seizure Inspect the cylinder and replace/repair the cylinder and/or piston as necessary.
Bad condition of piston ring and/or piston ring grooves Replace the piston and/or the piston rings.
Cylinder Head

Cylinder Head Removal
Remove: Thermostat Housing (see Thermostat Removal in the Cooling System chapter) Exhaust Pipe (see Exhaust Pipe Removal) Camshafts (see Camshaft Removal) Heat Insulation Plate [A] (see E ...

Other materials:

Rear Shock Absorber Removal
Remove: Lower Fairings (see Lower Fairing Removal in the Frame chapter) Fuel Tank (see Fuel Tank Removal in the Fuel System chapter) Bolts [A] (Both Sides) Foot Guard [B] (Both Sides) Squeeze the brake lever slowly and hold it with a band [A]. WARNINGBe sure to h ...

Sprocket Wear Inspection
Visually inspect the engine and rear sprocket teeth for wear and damage. If the teeth are worn as illustrated, replace the sprocket, and inspect the drive chain wear (see Drive Chain Wear Inspection in the Periodic Maintenance chapter). Worn Tooth (Engine Sprocket) [A] Worn Tooth (Rear ...

Air Switching Valve
Air Switching Valve Operation Test Refer to the Air Suction System Damage Inspection in the Periodic Maintenance chapter. Air Switching Valve Unit Test Remove the air switching valve (see Air Switching Valve Removal in the Engine Top End chapter). Set the hand tester [A] to the × 1 ...