Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual: Backups

Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual / Self-Diagnosis System / Self-Diagnosis / Backups






(1): D-J Method: When the engine load is light like at idling or low speed, the ECU determines the injection quantity by calculating from the throttle vacuum (vacuum sensor output voltage) and engine speed (crankshaft sensor output voltage). This method is called D-J method.

(2): α-N Method: As the engine speed increases, and the engine load turns middle to heavy, the ECU determines the injection quantity by calculating from the throttle opening (throttle sensor output voltage) and the engine speed. This method is called α-N method.

*: This depends on the number of stopped cylinders.

The main throttle sensor is a rotating variable resistor that change output voltage according to throttle operating. The ECU senses this voltage change and determines fuel injection quantity, and ignition timing according to engine rpm, and throttle opening.

Input Terminal [A]: BL Output Terminal [B]: V/W Ground Terminal [C]: BR/BK


Service Code Erasing
When repair has been done, warning indicator light (LED) and warning symbol go off and service code are not displayed. But the service codes stored in memory of the ECU are not erased to preserve ...

Main Throttle Sensor (Service Code 11)

Other materials:

Location of labels
All warning labels which are on your vehicle are repeated here. Read labels on your vehicle and understand them thoroughly. They contain information which is important for your safety and the safety of anyone else who may operate your vehicle. Therefore, it is very important that all warning ...

Coolant Deterioration Inspection
Remove the right lower fairing (see Lower Fairing Removal in the Frame chapter). Visually inspect the coolant in the reserve tank [A]. If whitish cotton-like wafts are observed, aluminum parts in the cooling system are corroded. If the coolant is brown, iron or steel parts are rusting. I ...

Radiator Hose and Pipe Inspection (coolant leak, damage, installation condition)
The high pressure inside the radiator hose can cause coolant to leak [A] or the hose to burst if the line is not properly maintained. Visually inspect the hoses for signs of deterioration. Squeeze the hoses. A hose should not be hard and brittle, nor should it be soft or swollen. Repl ...