Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual: Cylinder Compression Measurement

Kawasaki Ninja Service Manual / Engine Top End / Cylinder Head / Cylinder Compression Measurement


Use the battery which is fully charged.

Special Tools - Compression Gauge, 20 kgf/cm²: 57001-221 Compression Gauge Adapter, M10 × 1.0: 57001-1601 L-Shape Hose [C]: 57001-1606

Cylinder Compression Measurement

Cylinder Compression Usable Range: 1 099 1 668 kPa (11.2
17.0 kgf/cm²,
159 242 psi) at 320 r/min (rpm)

The following table should be consulted if the obtainable compression reading is not within the usable range.

Problem Diagnosis Remedy (Action)
Cylinder compression is higher than usable range Carbon accumulation on piston and in combustion chamber possibly due to damaged valve stem oil seal and/or damaged piston oil rings (This may be indicated by white exhaust smoke). Remove the carbon deposits and replace damaged parts if necessary.
Incorrect cylinder head gasket thickness Replace the gasket with a standard part.
Cylinder compression is lower than usable range Gas leakage around cylinder head Replace damaged gasket and check cylinder head warp
Bad condition of valve seating Repair if necessary.
Incorrect valve clearance Adjust the valve clearance.
Incorrect piston/cylinder clearance Replace the piston and/or cylinder.
Piston seizure Inspect the cylinder and replace/repair the cylinder and/or piston as necessary.
Bad condition of piston ring and/or piston ring grooves Replace the piston and/or the piston rings.
Cylinder Head

Cylinder Head Removal
Remove: Thermostat Housing (see Thermostat Removal in the Cooling System chapter) Exhaust Pipe (see Exhaust Pipe Removal) Camshafts (see Camshaft Removal) Heat Insulation Plate [A] (see E ...

Other materials:

Exploded View
HG: Apply high-temperature grease. HO: Apply heavy oil. L: Apply a non-permanent locking agent. MO: Apply molybdenum disulfide oil solution. (mixture of the engine oil and molybdenum disulfide grease in a weight ratio 10:1) R: Replacement Parts Specifications Special Too ...

Jump starting
If your motorcycle battery is “run down”, it should be removed and charged. If this is not practical, a 12 volt booster battery and jumper cables may be used to start the engine. DANGER Battery acid generates hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive under certain conditions. It i ...

Camshaft Runout Inspection
Remove the camshafts (see Camshaft Removal). Set the camshaft in a camshaft alignment jig or on V blocks. Measure the runout with a dial gauge at the specified place as shown in the figure. If the runout exceeds the service limit, replace the camshaft. Camshaft Runout Standard: TIR ...